Region: Americas

Disability Definition

Person with a disability who, as a result of one or more physical, mental, intellectual or sensory deficiencies, independently of the cause that caused it, is permanently restricted its biological, psychological and associative capacity to exercise one or more essential activities of daily life, in a proportion equivalent to thirty percent (30%) of disabilities.

Person with deficiency or disabling condition to one who presents a temporary decrease or suspension of any of their physical, sensory or intellectual capacities, in the terms established by the Law, and who, even when subjected to clinical or surgical treatments, its evolution and prognosis is predictably unfavorable in a period of one year of evolution, without it becoming permanent.


Organic Law of Councils for Equality and the National Law of Participation

Organic Law on Disabilities

Ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in April 2008

Employer Legal Requirements

Starting in 2010, it became compulsory for companies with over 25 employees to fill at least 4% of staff positions with people with disabilities.

Accessibility Requirements

INEN 288 Regulation: Accessibility for Web Content (en Espanol)

INEN ISO / IEC 40500_Extract: W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 (en Espanol)

Cultural Norms

Poverty, social and architectural barriers, neglect, high levels of unemployment, and lack of access to training and education are just a few of the many obstacles that persons with disabilities must still overcome.

It is estimated that only 11.9% of people with disabilities attend high school, compared to 24.2% of the rest of the population.

In September 2018, the IDB helped Ecuador with a loan of 100 million dollars to face these challenges. The project aims to support people with disabilities throughout the different stages of their lives, from early childhood to old age.

Business Practices/Examples

Additional content coming soon.


Approximately 13% of the population in Ecuador has some type of disability.

Government Data on Disability

Lenin Morena, Ecuador’s President, is the first wheelchair user to become head of a global South state. Moreno has become a symbol and a champion of the tireless battle against the discrimination of those who live with disabilities.

Supplier Diversity


Talent Sourcing Resources

Disability Organizations Directory

The General Ecuadorian Foundation (FGE) is a nongovernmental nongovernmental NGO development cooperation organization, approved by the Ministry of Economic and Social Inclusion, through Agreement No. 294. Since March 1980, it has been working on the disability sector, especially the intellectual one. Our purpose is to achieve the social and labor inclusion of people with disabilities, thus improving their quality of life. The CEE Program Objective is to provide support and advice to companies and entities that have the obligation to comply with the 4% insertion of people with disabilities in their payroll and, in some cases, can not incorporate them into their operating functional scheme.

Additional Resources

Ministry of Economic and Social Inclusion (MIES): Services for people with disabillities

National Agency for Disabiity Equality

National Federation of the Blind of Ecuador

The Latin American Network of Non-Governmental Organizations of Persons With Disabilities and their Families (RIADIS) is a network formed by organizations of persons with disabilities from 19 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. Formed in 2002, RIADIS represents national DPOs as well as several NGOs acting as technical collaborators.


Additional content coming soon.


Additional content coming soon.
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